Words to Use in an Essay: 300 Essay Words (2023)

Words to Use in an Essay: 300 Essay Words (1)

It’s not easy to write an academic essay.

Many students struggle to word their arguments in a logical and concise way.

To make matters worse, academic essays need to adhere to a certain level of formality, so we can’t always use the same word choices in essay writing that we would use in daily life.

If you’re struggling to choose the right words for your essay, don’t worry—you’ve come to the right place!

In this article, we’ve compiled a list of over 300 words and phrases to use in the introduction, body, and conclusion of your essay.


  1. Words to Use in the Essay Introduction
  2. Words to Use in the Body of the Essay
  3. Words to Use in Your Essay Conclusion
  4. How to Improve Your Essay Writing Vocabulary

Words to Use in the Essay Introduction

The introduction is one of the hardest parts of an essay to write.

You have only one chance to make a first impression, and you want to hook your reader. If the introduction isn’t effective, the reader might not even bother to read the rest of the essay.

That’s why it’s important to be thoughtful and deliberate with the words you choose at the beginning of your essay.

Many students use a quote in the introductory paragraph to establish credibility and set the tone for the rest of the essay.

When you’re referencing another author or speaker, try using some of these phrases:

  • To use the words of X
  • According to X
  • As X states

Example: To use the words of Hillary Clinton, “You cannot have maternal health without reproductive health.”

Near the end of the introduction, you should state the thesis to explain the central point of your paper.

If you’re not sure how to introduce your thesis, try using some of these phrases:

  • In this essay, I will…
  • The purpose of this essay…
  • This essay discusses…
  • In this paper, I put forward the claim that…
  • There are three main arguments for…

Words to Use in an Essay: 300 Essay Words (2)

Example: In this essay, I will explain why dress codes in public schools are detrimental to students.

After you’ve stated your thesis, it’s time to start presenting the arguments you’ll use to back up that central idea.

When you’re introducing the first of a series of arguments, you can use the following words:

  • First
  • First and foremost
  • First of all
  • To begin with

Example: First, consider the effects that this new social security policy would have on low-income taxpayers.

All these words and phrases will help you create a more successful introduction and convince your audience to read on.

Words to Use in the Body of the Essay

The body of your essay is where you’ll explain your core arguments and present your evidence.

It’s important to choose words and phrases for the body of your essay that will help the reader understand your position and convince them you’ve done your research.

Let’s look at some different types of words and phrases that you can use in the body of your essay, as well as some examples of what these words look like in a sentence.

Transition Words and Phrases

Transitioning from one argument to another is crucial for a good essay.

It’s important to guide your reader from one idea to the next so they don’t get lost or feel like you’re jumping around at random.

Transition phrases and linking words show your reader you’re about to move from one argument to the next, smoothing out their reading experience. They also make your writing look more professional.

The simplest transition involves moving from one idea to a separate one that supports the same overall argument. Try using these phrases when you want to introduce a second correlating idea:

  • Additionally
  • In addition
  • Also
  • Secondly
  • Furthermore
  • Another key thing to remember
  • In the same way
  • Similarly
  • Likewise
  • Correspondingly

Example: Additionally, public parks increase property value because home buyers prefer houses that are located close to green, open spaces.

Another type of transition involves restating. It’s often useful to restate complex ideas in simpler terms to help the reader digest them. When you’re restating an idea, you can use the following words:

  • In other words
  • To put it another way
  • That is to say
  • To put it more simply

Example: “The research showed that 53% of students surveyed expressed a mild or strong preference for more on-campus housing. In other words, over half the students wanted more dormitory options.”

A grammar guru, style editor, and writing mentor in one package.

Try it for free!

Often, you’ll need to provide examples to illustrate your point more clearly for the reader. When you’re about to give an example of something you just said, you can use the following words:

  • For instance
  • To give an illustration of
  • To exemplify
  • To demonstrate
  • As evidence

Example: Humans have long tried to exert control over our natural environment. For instance, engineers reversed the Chicago River in 1900, causing it to permanently flow backward.

Sometimes, you’ll need to explain the impact or consequence of something you’ve just said.

When you’re drawing a conclusion from evidence you’ve presented, try using the following words:

  • Thus
  • As a result
  • Hence
  • Therefore
  • Accordingly
  • Due to
  • As you can see
  • This suggests that
  • It follows that
  • It can be seen that
  • For this reason
  • For all of those reasons
  • Consequently

Example: “There wasn’t enough government funding to support the rest of the physics experiment. Thus, the team was forced to shut down their experiment in 1996.”

Words to Use in an Essay: 300 Essay Words (4)

When introducing an idea that bolsters one you’ve already stated, or adds another important aspect to that same argument, you can use the following words:

  • Moreover
  • Further
  • What’s more
  • As well as
  • Along with
  • Besides
  • Not only…but also
  • Not to mention
  • To say nothing of
  • Another key point

Example: The volcanic eruption disrupted hundreds of thousands of people. Moreover, it impacted the local flora and fauna as well, causing nearly a hundred species to go extinct.

Often, you'll want to present two sides of the same argument. When you need to compare and contrast ideas, you can use the following words:

  • On the one hand / on the other hand
  • Conversely
  • However
  • Alternatively
  • In contrast to
  • On the contrary
  • Whereas
  • By contrast
  • In comparison

Example: On the one hand, the Black Death was undoubtedly a tragedy because it killed millions of Europeans. On the other hand, it created better living conditions for the peasants who survived.

Finally, when you’re introducing a new angle that contradicts your previous idea, you can use the following phrases:

  • Having said that
  • That said
  • Even so
  • Then again
  • Differing from
  • Granted
  • Despite
  • Yet
  • In spite of
  • While
  • With this in mind
  • Provided that
  • Nevertheless
  • Nonetheless
  • Notwithstanding
  • Admittedly

Example: Shakespearean plays are classic works of literature that have stood the test of time. Having said that, I would argue that Shakespeare isn’t the most accessible form of literature to teach students in the twenty-first century.

Good essays include multiple types of logic. You can use a combination of the transitions above to create a strong, clear structure throughout the body of your essay.

Strong Verbs for Academic Writing

Verbs are especially important for writing clear essays. Often, you can convey a nuanced meaning simply by choosing the right verb.

You should use strong verbs that are precise and dynamic. Whenever possible, you should use an unambiguous verb, rather than a generic verb.

For example, alter and fluctuate are stronger verbs than change, because they give the reader more descriptive detail.

Here are some useful verbs that will help make your essay shine.

Verbs that show change:

  • Alter
  • Accommodate
  • Evolve
  • Fluctuate
  • Generate
  • Transform
  • Transition
  • Vary

Verbs that relate to causing or impacting something:

  • Constrain
  • Control
  • Govern
  • Ignite
  • Impact
  • Influence
  • Inhibit
  • Initiate
  • Instigate
  • Introduce
  • Promote
  • Provoke
  • Stimulate
  • Trigger

Verbs that show increase:

  • Advance
  • Develop
  • Enlarge
  • Exceed
  • Extend
  • Facilitate
  • Improve
  • Implement
  • Maximize

Verbs that show decrease:

  • Alleviate
  • Cease
  • Decline
  • Depress
  • Descent
  • Deteriorate
  • Minimize
  • Subside
  • Reduce

Verbs that relate to parts of a whole:

  • Comprises of
  • Is composed of
  • Constitutes
  • Encompasses
  • Includes
  • Incorporates

    Verbs that show a negative stance:

  • Caution

  • Challenge
  • Contend
  • Contradict
  • Deny
  • Disagree
  • Dismiss
  • Dispute
  • Disregard
  • Invalidate
  • Misconstrue
  • Negate
  • Refute
  • Reject
  • Question

Words to Use in an Essay: 300 Essay Words (5)

Verbs that show a positive stance:

  • Admit
  • Advocate
  • Affirm
  • Assert
  • Complement
  • Emphasize
  • Endorse
  • Highlight
  • Declare
  • Maintain
  • Substantiate
  • Suggest
  • Support
  • Underscore
  • Uphold
  • Validate
  • Verify

Verbs that relate to drawing conclusions from evidence:

  • Allude
  • Attest
  • Confirm
  • Convey
  • Corroborate
  • Demonstrate
  • Document
  • Entail
  • Establish
  • Hint
  • Imply
  • Indicate
  • Present
  • Reveal
  • Signify
  • Summarize
  • Surface
  • Unearth
  • Yield

Verbs that relate to thinking and analysis:

  • Analyze
  • Appraise
  • Assess
  • Believe
  • Clarify
  • Concede
  • Contend
  • Consider
  • Contemplate
  • Define
  • Derive
  • Determine
  • Diagnose
  • Discuss
  • Dissect
  • Evaluate
  • Examine
  • Explore
  • Hypothesize
  • Identify
  • Ignore
  • Infer
  • Interpret
  • Investigate
  • Observe
  • Perceive
  • Postulate
  • Presume
  • Recognize
  • Refer
  • Scrutinize
  • Speculate
  • Surmise
  • Theorize

Verbs that relate to showing information in a visual format:

  • Denote
  • Depict
  • Describe
  • Display
  • Illustrate
  • Portray
  • Represent
  • Typify

Useful Adjectives and Adverbs for Academic Essays

You should use adjectives and adverbs more sparingly than verbs when writing essays, since they sometimes add unnecessary fluff to sentences.

However, choosing the right adjectives and adverbs can help add detail and sophistication to your essay.

Sometimes you'll need to use an adjective to show that a finding or argument is useful and should be taken seriously. Here are some adjectives that create positive emphasis:

  • Beneficial
  • Clear
  • Effective
  • Important
  • Invaluable
  • Main
  • Major
  • Persuasive
  • Relevant
  • Significant
  • Strong
  • Successful
  • Unbiased
  • Useful
  • Valid
  • Valuable

Other times, you'll need to use an adjective to show that a finding or argument is harmful or ineffective. Here are some adjectives that create a negative emphasis:

  • Biased
  • Controversial
  • False
  • Flawed
  • Insignificant
  • Invalid
  • Irrelevant
  • Limited
  • Minor
  • Questionable
  • Unnecessary
  • Unrealistic

Finally, you might need to use an adverb to lend nuance to a sentence, or to express a specific degree of certainty. Here are some examples of adverbs that are often used in essays:

  • Accordingly
  • Adequately
  • Barely
  • Briefly
  • Certainly
  • Completely
  • Comprehensively
  • Consequently
  • Entirely
  • Exhaustively
  • Extensively
  • Generally
  • Hardly
  • Initially
  • Nearly
  • Possibly
  • Presumably
  • Probably
  • Regularly
  • Respectively
  • Scarcely
  • Surprisingly
  • Thoroughly
  • Typically

Using these words will help you successfully convey the key points you want to express. Once you’ve nailed the body of your essay, it’s time to move on to the conclusion.

Words to Use in Your Essay Conclusion

The conclusion of your paper is important for synthesizing the arguments you’ve laid out and restating your thesis.

In your concluding paragraph, try using some of these essay words:

  • In conclusion
  • To summarize
  • To sum up
  • In summary
  • In a nutshell
  • In brief
  • In short
  • In essence
  • All in all
  • Given the above
  • As described
  • All things considered
  • Finally
  • Lastly

Example: In conclusion, it’s imperative that we take action to address climate change before we lose our coral reefs forever.

In addition to simply summarizing the key points from the body of your essay, you should also add some final takeaways. Give the reader your final opinion and a bit of a food for thought.

To place emphasis on a certain point or a key fact, use these essay words:

  • Unquestionably
  • Undoubtedly
  • Particularly
  • Especially
  • Importantly
  • Singularly
  • Chiefly
  • Namely
  • Conclusively
  • It should be noted
  • Above all
  • Ultimately
  • On the whole

Example: Ada Lovelace is unquestionably a powerful role model for young girls around the world, and more of our public school curricula should include her as a historical figure.

These concluding phrases will help you finish writing your essay in a strong, confident way.

How to Improve Your Essay Writing Vocabulary

There are many useful essay words out there that we didn't include in this article, because they are specific to certain topics.

If you're writing about biology, for example, you will need to use different terminology than if you're writing about literature.

So how do you improve your vocabulary skills?

The vocabulary you use in your academic writing is a toolkit you can build up over time, as long as you take the time to learn new words.

One way to increase your vocabulary is by looking up words you don’t know when you’re reading.

Try reading more books and academic articles in the field you’re writing about and jotting down all the new words you find. You can use these words to bolster your own essays.

You can also consult a dictionary or a thesaurus. When you’re using a word you’re not confident about, researching its meaning and common synonyms can help you make sure it belongs in your essay.

Don't be afraid of using simpler words. Good essay writing boils down to choosing the best word to convey what you need to say, not the fanciest word possible.

Finally, you can use ProWritingAid’s synonym tool or essay checker to find more precise and sophisticated vocabulary. Click on weak words in your essay to find stronger alternatives.

Words to Use in an Essay: 300 Essay Words (6)

There you have it: our compilation of the best words and phrases to use in your next essay. Good luck!

Take your writing to the next level:

20 Editing Tips From Professional Writers

Whether you are writing a novel, essay, article, or email, good writing is an essential part of communicating your ideas.

This guide contains the 20 most important writing tips and techniques from a wide range of professional writers.

Words to Use in an Essay: 300 Essay Words (8)Have you tried ProWritingAid yet? What are you waiting for? It's the best tool for making sure your copy is strong, clear, and error-free!

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Lilliana Bartoletti

Last Updated: 02/10/2023

Views: 5933

Rating: 4.2 / 5 (53 voted)

Reviews: 92% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Lilliana Bartoletti

Birthday: 1999-11-18

Address: 58866 Tricia Spurs, North Melvinberg, HI 91346-3774

Phone: +50616620367928

Job: Real-Estate Liaison

Hobby: Graffiti, Astronomy, Handball, Magic, Origami, Fashion, Foreign language learning

Introduction: My name is Lilliana Bartoletti, I am a adventurous, pleasant, shiny, beautiful, handsome, zealous, tasty person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.